Turf toe refers to the toe bent upwards, which causes damage to the ligaments under the toe. The surfaces of the bones at the joint can become damaged as well. Turf toe is a sprain to the ligaments around the big toe joint, which works primarily as a hinge to permit up and down motion.
- Swelling and pain at the joint
- Pain and tenderness when bending the toe or stretching it upwards.
Bunions are deformities of bones and the joint that can be found in the middle of a person’s foot and his big toe. They may be caused by long-standing irritations brought about by wearing shoes that have a poor fit, frequent use of high-heeled shoes, arthritis, or may even be hereditary as well. A bunionectomy is a surgical procedure that could be recommended by a doctor to get rid of painful bunions.
- Red, calloused skin along the inside edge of the big toe
- A bony bump at this site
- Pain over the joint, aggravated by pressure from shoes
- Big toe turned toward the other toes
Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. This tissue is called the plantar fascia. It connects the heel bone to the toes and creates the arch of the foot.
- Pain occurs when you take your first steps
- Pain occurs after standing or sitting for a while
- Pain occurs when climbing stairs
- Pain occurs after intense activity
Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe, in which the end of the toe is bent downward. It usually affects the second toe. However, it may also affect the other toes. The toe moves into a claw-like position. Hammer toes are usually caused by wearing short, narrow shoes that are too tight. The toe is forced into a bent position. Muscles and tendons in the toe tighten and become shorter.
- middle joint of the toe is bent
- end part of the toe bends down into a claw-like deformity
- unable to move the toe
- callus is found on the sole of the foot
- pain when walking